Information about Specialty Polymers and Resins
Specialty polymers and resins primarily are proprietary polymers, monomers, resins and intermediate products. They are made by specialty polymers for industrial applications companies based upon proprietary curing technologies or chemical combinations, or those designed for special applications.
There are various grades or types of specialty polymers including elastomer or rubber, thermoplastic, thermoset and composite material. Each one differs in terms of physical, mechanical, electrical, thermal and optical properties. These properties in turn determine how suitable a given product is for a particular application.
Specialty Elastomers – These kinds of specialty polymers are designed for applications that involve highly abrasive operations. They are utilized in conveyor belts, wear seals, hose covers as well as various parts for petroleum drilling equipment. Specialty elastomers along with rubber materials are characterized by a high degree of flexibility as well as elasticity (high reversible elongation). These plastic materials are produced based upon chemical systems like polyurethane, butyl, chloroprene, neoprene, polybutadiene, neoprene, isoprene and natural rubber, along with other synthetic rubber or compounds.
Specialty Composites – Specialty polymers manufacturing firms customize specialty composites for applications like vibration damping, noise control, cushioning as well as shock isolation. They are utilized in products like sound barriers, acoustical foams and molded isolators. A majority of specialty composites are filled with a strengthening phase, toughening phase, reinforcement fibers or like specialty fillers that impart certain unique properties onto them. Such fillers include aramid fiber, fiber glass, carbon or graphite, minerals or metal. Some specialty composites however do not have fillers.
Specialty Thermoplastics – The specialty thermoplastics are applied in bio-composites, bio-plastics and certain fluid-resistant applications. As an example, companies for specialty polymers manufacturing TPO can soften it repeatedly using heat before getting it hardened by cooling effects. As such, specialty thermoplastics allow for injection molding of certain sections. Thermoformed and scrap can as well be reprocessed for reusing waste materials and containing manufacturing costs.
Specialty Thermosets – Coatings and adhesives make use of specialty thermosets. These products include epoxy resins along with elastomer-modified epoxy resins, epoxy functional modifiers and monomers, reactive liquid polymers as well as thermoset reducers and catalysts. Specialty thermosets are crosslinked polymers cured through application of pressure or heat. Generally, cured thermoset resins have higher heat-resistance relative to thermoplastics, though melting is unable to reprocess them.
A lot of specialty polymers manufacturing plants can avail other kinds of specialty polymers for specific applications. Flexible PVC is for instance among the products which companies for specialty polymers manufacturing PVC are capable of supplying to industrial plants.
Properties of Specialty Polymers
The properties exhibited by specialty polymers and resins depend upon their composition. It is important for industries for specialty polymers manufacturing TPE for example to give special consideration to properties like usage as water absorption, viscosity, use temperature and tensile strength.
Tensile strength refers to the maximum stress that a polymeric material is capable of withstanding while being pulled and stretched before necking deformation happens.
Use temperature is on its part the allowable range of temperature within which the compound can work effectively and determines the environments in which the resin can be utilized.
Viscosity is the parameter used for measuring flow-resistance of a compound and needs to be understood well for production, processing and even application of the material to be done correctly.
Water absorption is what amount of water a material is capable of absorbing and is a crucial aspect for any material that gets in contact with water or is utilized as a sorbent. Click here http://www.sespoly.com/markets/consumer-industrial-products/ for more information.